Document Detail


Validity of self-reported criminal offences and traffic violations in screening of driving-while-intoxicated offenders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9010549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Many jurisdictions in the USA, Canada and some European countries use diagnostic methods to assess substance abuse problems of driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) offenders, to address the concern that, during DWI screening, offenders may not give accurate information on their criminal history and traffic violations to avoid referral to treatment. This study was designed to validate self-reported data, to assess the need for DWI agencies to access court records, and to obtain an offence profile for this population. DWI offenders (n = 274, mostly first-time) were randomly selected from those who attended the Lovelace Comprehensive Screening Program (LCSP). The self-reported data were compared with records retrieved from the Metropolitan Court in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Three-quarters of the offenders had had at least one offence or traffic violation before this DWI arrest. Sixty-five per cent of the offenders with court records underreported their records. The high percentage of false self-reporting for a primarily first-time offender population indicates the need to use court records to verify self-reported data. For multiple offenders, who have a much higher rate of criminal offences and traffic violations, checking self-reported data against court records becomes more important. In addition, a questionnaire based on offence information could be used to obtain a more complete history of those offences.
Authors:
I Chang; S C Lapham
Related Documents :
9554539 - Neuroblastoma screening in the united states: results of the texas outreach program for...
7134749 - Multiple neonatal screening for aminoacidopathies by ion exchange chromatography.
15914349 - Multiple positive results during a neonatal screening program: a retrospective analysis...
2307299 - Transient elevation of threshold of the neonatal auditory brain stem response.
14229739 - Blood phenylalanine levels of newborn infants. a routine screening program for the hosp...
7205199 - Duchenne muscular dystrophy: systematic neonatal screening and earlier detection of car...
23293879 - Leak around endotracheal tubes in ventilated newborns: an observational study.
21733039 - Prevalence of celiac disease in parents of preterm or low birthweight newborns.
3751839 - Infantile apnea.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0735-0414     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol Alcohol.     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-15     Completed Date:  1997-04-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8310684     Medline TA:  Alcohol Alcohol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  583-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Adult
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  legislation & jurisprudence,  psychology
Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology*,  psychology
Crime / legislation & jurisprudence,  psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
New Mexico / epidemiology
Reproducibility of Results
Truth Disclosure*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AA009620/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA09620-02/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Moderating binge drinking: it is possible to change behaviour if you plan it in advance.
Next Document:  Identifying hazardous or harmful alcohol use in medical admissions: a comparison of audit, cage and ...