Document Detail

Validity of self-reported criminal offences and traffic violations in screening of driving-while-intoxicated offenders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9010549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Many jurisdictions in the USA, Canada and some European countries use diagnostic methods to assess substance abuse problems of driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) offenders, to address the concern that, during DWI screening, offenders may not give accurate information on their criminal history and traffic violations to avoid referral to treatment. This study was designed to validate self-reported data, to assess the need for DWI agencies to access court records, and to obtain an offence profile for this population. DWI offenders (n = 274, mostly first-time) were randomly selected from those who attended the Lovelace Comprehensive Screening Program (LCSP). The self-reported data were compared with records retrieved from the Metropolitan Court in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Three-quarters of the offenders had had at least one offence or traffic violation before this DWI arrest. Sixty-five per cent of the offenders with court records underreported their records. The high percentage of false self-reporting for a primarily first-time offender population indicates the need to use court records to verify self-reported data. For multiple offenders, who have a much higher rate of criminal offences and traffic violations, checking self-reported data against court records becomes more important. In addition, a questionnaire based on offence information could be used to obtain a more complete history of those offences.
I Chang; S C Lapham
Related Documents :
16803789 - A case study of an emerging community-based early hearing detection and intervention pr...
24382679 - Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta (hemitruncus) in a pr...
2089019 - Hearing impairment in ventilator-dependent infants and children.
1499229 - Neonatal screening for hip joint instability. its clinical and economic relevance.
16531449 - Low prevalence of hearing impairment among very low birthweight infants as detected by ...
4090969 - Epidemiology of bacteriuria during the first year of life.
8197939 - A method for sonographic counting of the lower vertebral bodies in newborns and infants.
17983999 - Contraception and lactation.
7436479 - Factor x deficiency in the neonatal period.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0735-0414     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol Alcohol.     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-15     Completed Date:  1997-04-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8310684     Medline TA:  Alcohol Alcohol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  583-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  legislation & jurisprudence,  psychology
Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology*,  psychology
Crime / legislation & jurisprudence,  psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
New Mexico / epidemiology
Reproducibility of Results
Truth Disclosure*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Moderating binge drinking: it is possible to change behaviour if you plan it in advance.
Next Document:  Identifying hazardous or harmful alcohol use in medical admissions: a comparison of audit, cage and ...