Document Detail

Validation of death certificate diagnosis for coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11165467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The validity of the death certificate in identifying coronary heart disease deaths was evaluated using data from the community surveillance component of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC). Deaths in the four ARIC communities of Forsyth Co., NC; Jackson, MS; Minneapolis, MN; and Washington Co., MD were selected based on underlying cause of death codes as determined by the rules of the ninth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9). Information about the deaths was gathered through informant interviews, physician or coroner questionnaires, and medical record abstraction, and was used to validate the cause of death. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of the death certificate classification of CHD death (ICD-9 codes 410-414 and 429.2) were estimated by comparison with the validated cause of death based on physician review of all available information. Results from 9 years of surveillance included a positive predictive value 0.67 (95% CI 0.66-0.68), sensitivity of 0.81 (95% CI 0.79-0.83), and a false-positive rate (1-specificity) of 0.28 (95% CI 0.26-0.30). Comparing CHD deaths as defined by the death certificate with validated CHD deaths indicated that the death certificate overestimated CHD mortality by approximately 20% in the ARIC communities. Within subgroups, death certificate overestimation was reduced with advancing age (up to age 74), was consistent over time, was not dependent on gender, and exhibited considerable variation among communities.
S A Coady; P D Sorlie; L S Cooper; A R Folsom; W D Rosamond; D E Conwill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical epidemiology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0895-4356     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-03-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801383     Medline TA:  J Clin Epidemiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, II Rockledge Center, 6701 Rockledge Drive MSC 7934, Bethesda, MD 20982, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Abstracting and Indexing as Topic / standards
Age Distribution
Bias (Epidemiology)
Cause of Death*
Coronary Disease / classification,  diagnosis*,  mortality*
Death Certificates*
Hospital Mortality
Maryland / epidemiology
Medical Records / standards
Middle Aged
Minnesota / epidemiology
Mississippi / epidemiology
North Carolina / epidemiology
Population Surveillance / methods*
Residence Characteristics
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sex Distribution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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