Document Detail


Validation of continuous particle monitors for personal, indoor, and outdoor exposures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20502493     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Continuous monitors can be used to supplement traditional filter-based methods of determining personal exposure to air pollutants. They have the advantages of being able to identify nearby sources and detect temporal changes on a time scale of a few minutes. The Windsor Ontario Exposure Assessment Study (WOEAS) adopted an approach of using multiple continuous monitors to measure indoor, outdoor (near-residential) and personal exposures to PM₂.₅, ultrafine particles and black carbon. About 48 adults and households were sampled for five consecutive 24-h periods in summer and winter 2005, and another 48 asthmatic children for five consecutive 24-h periods in summer and winter 2006. This article addresses the laboratory and field validation of these continuous monitors. A companion article (Wheeler et al., 2010) provides similar analyses for the 24-h integrated methods, as well as providing an overview of the objectives and study design. The four continuous monitors were the DustTrak (Model 8520, TSI, St. Paul, MN, USA) and personal DataRAM (pDR) (ThermoScientific, Waltham, MA, USA) for PM₂.₅; the P-Trak (Model 8525, TSI) for ultrafine particles; and the Aethalometer (AE-42, Magee Scientific, Berkeley, CA, USA) for black carbon (BC). All monitors were tested in multiple co-location studies involving as many as 16 monitors of a given type to determine their limits of detection as well as bias and precision. The effect of concentration and electronic drift on bias and precision were determined from both the collocated studies and the full field study. The effect of rapid changes in environmental conditions on switching an instrument from indoor to outdoor sampling was also studied. The use of multiple instruments for outdoor sampling was valuable in identifying occasional poor performance by one instrument and in better determining local contributions to the spatial variation of particulate pollution. Both the DustTrak and pDR were shown to be in reasonable agreement (R² of 90 and 70%, respectively) with the gravimetric PM₂.₅ method. Both instruments had limits of detection of about 5 μg/m³. The DustTrak and pDR had multiplicative biases of about 2.5 and 1.6, respectively, compared with the gravimetric samplers. However, their average bias-corrected precisions were <10%, indicating that a proper correction for bias would bring them into very good agreement with standard methods. Although no standard methods exist to establish the bias of the Aethalometer and P-Trak, the precision was within 20% for the Aethalometer and within 10% for the P-Trak. These findings suggest that all four instruments can supply useful information in environmental studies.
Authors:
Lance A Wallace; Amanda J Wheeler; Jill Kearney; Keith Van Ryswyk; Hongyu You; Ryan H Kulka; Pat E Rasmussen; Jeff R Brook; Xiaohong Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Validation Studies     Date:  2010-05-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1559-064X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Publication Date:    2011 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  2011-04-04     Revised Date:  2012-03-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262796     Medline TA:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
lwallace73@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis*
Child
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Environmental Monitoring / instrumentation*,  methods
Humans
Particle Size
Particulate Matter / analysis,  chemistry
Reproducibility of Results
Seasons
Soot / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Particulate Matter; 0/Soot

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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