Document Detail

Validation of transcranial Doppler with magnetic resonance angiography in acute cerebral ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20002971     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is often used as a screening tool for detecting intracranial stenosis. Since TCD results may vary among laboratories and sonographers, it requires validation against an imaging modality. We evaluated diagnostic accuracy of TCD performed in our laboratory against time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in detecting intracranial stenosis in patients with acute cerebral ischemia.
METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute (<24 hours) cerebral ischemia and intracranial arterial stenosis on MRA underwent both TCD and MRA within 5 hours of each other. TCD was performed by credentialed neurosonologists according to standardized protocol. An independent neuroradiologist interpreting MRA was blinded to TCD findings. We evaluated TCD peak systolic velocities (PSV) in proximal intracranial arteries as predictive of moderate (>50%) and severe (>70%) stenosis on TOF-MRA.
RESULTS: One hundred and fifty patients (74% males; mean age 53 years) underwent neurovascular evaluation with TCD and MRA. Twenty-two (14.6%) patients were excluded due to absent temporal acoustic windows. Middle cerebral artery TCD PSV values of >140 cm/s and >180 cm/s were found to predict a >50% and >70% focal stenosis, respectively. Optimal cut-off PSV values for other major proximal intracranial arteries were also established.
CONCLUSIONS: TCD performed in our laboratory shows satisfactory agreement with TOF-MRA in diagnosis and grading of proximal intracranial stenosis in patients with acute cerebral ischemia.
Demudu Babu Boddu; Vijay K Sharma; V C S S Bandaru; Y Jyotsna; D Padmaja; Alladi Suvarna; Subhash Kaul
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1552-6569     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neuroimaging     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102705     Medline TA:  J Neuroimaging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e34-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2009 by the American Society of Neuroimaging.
From the Department of Neurology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India (BDB, VCSSB, AS, SK); Division of Neurology, National University Hospital, Singapore (VKS); Department of Radiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India (YJ); and Department of Anesthesiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India (DP).
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