Document Detail

Validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in an Iranian sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18058062     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Considering the adverse effects of postpartum depression on both mother and infant, a screening instrument for early diagnosis seems to be of importance. AIMS: To assess the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) on a sample of Iranian postpartum women. METHOD: The EPDS was translated and back-translated in the standard method. The questionnaire was completed by 600 postpartum women. Hundred cases with an EPDS score of > or =9 and 100 cases with an EPDS of <9 were randomly selected for interview. Sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, and receiver operating characteristics were calculated by comparing the EPDS sum score against the DSM-IV diagnoses. The correlation coefficient of the EPDS score with GHQ-12 score was calculated. Principal component analysis and internal consistency were assessed. RESULTS: The best cutoff scores for major depression were 12/13 with a sensitivity and specificity of 95.3% and 87.9%, respectively. The correlation coefficient of the total score of the Persian version of EPDS with the GHQ-12 total score was 0.76 (P < 0.001). A two-factor solution was selected as the most appropriate model based on both values and the score plot. The coefficient alpha for the whole scale was 0.83. CONCLUSION: The Persian version of EPDS is a reliable and valid measure for detecting postpartum depression. Furthermore, it seems acceptable to patients and a valid screening instrument for depression in postpartum women.
S Mazhari; N Nakhaee
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies     Date:  2007-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of women's mental health     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1434-1816     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Womens Ment Health     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-28     Completed Date:  2008-05-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815663     Medline TA:  Arch Womens Ment Health     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  293-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neuroscience Department, Research Center of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Depression, Postpartum / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Early Diagnosis
Infant, Newborn
Iran / epidemiology
Mass Screening
Mental Health*
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index

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