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Validating a threshold of ocular gaze deviation for the prediction of acute ischaemic stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25172206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To determine a threshold at which the degree of ocular gaze deviation (OGD) on axial imaging is highly specific for the prediction of acute ischaemic stroke.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 517 patients who had received MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for suspected acute stroke was performed. The degree of OGD was measured in all patients and the presence and location of infarction determined. The difference in OGD between groups was compared using the independent t-test for normally distributed data and the Mann-Whitney test for non-normal data. The sensitivity and specificity for degrees of OGD in the prediction of acute infarction was calculated using a receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis.
RESULTS: The imaging of 448 patients meeting the inclusion criteria was reviewed. Acute infarct was demonstrated in 34.8% (n=156). There was a significant difference in the degree of OGD between patients with an acute infarct and those without evidence of acute ischaemia (p<0.001). ROC curve analysis for OGD demonstrated area under the curve (AUC) = 0.619 with increasing degrees of OGD more specific for acute infarct. OGD >11.95° had a sensitivity of 17% and specificity of 95.9% in predicting acute infarction.
CONCLUSION: Significant OGD>11.95° has a high specificity for acute infarct. This threshold may provide a helpful additional sign in the detection of subtle acute infarct, particularly on axial CT brain imaging.
Authors:
D McKean; M Kudari; M Landells; D Grant; S Johnson; L López de Heredia; S Yanny; E K Woo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-229X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Radiol     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306016     Medline TA:  Clin Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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