Document Detail


Validating a behavioral economic approach to assess food demand: Effects of body mass index, dietary restraint, and impulsivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22659562     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Behavioral economic theory is a useful framework for analyzing factors influencing choice, but the majority of human behavioral economic research has focused on drug choice. The behavioral economic choice paradigm may also be valuable for understanding food-maintained behavior. Our primary objective was two-fold: 1. Validate a human laboratory model of food-appetitive behavior, and 2. Assess the contribution of individual level factors that may differentially impact food choice behavior. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, female subjects (N = 17) participated in two consecutive food choice experimental sessions, whereas in Study 2, female subjects (N = 21) participated in one concurrent food choice experimental session. During consecutive choice sessions (Study 1), demand for the more palatable food (i.e., high-sugar/high-fat) was more inelastic than the less palatable (i.e., low-sugar/low-fat) option. During concurrent choice sessions, demand for the more palatable food (i.e., high-sugar/high-fat) was more inelastic for restrained versus unrestrained eaters, and for those who were overweight versus normal weight. Demand for both palatable and less palatable choices was more elastic for high-impulsive versus low-impulsive subjects. These findings suggest that the behavioral economic framework can be used successfully to develop a human laboratory model of food-appetitive behavior.
Authors:
Summar Reslan; Karen K Saules; Mark K Greenwald
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Eastern Michigan University, Psychology Department, Ypsilanti, MI, United States.
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