Document Detail


Valgus-varus motion of the knee in normal level walking and stair climbing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11415736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The knee valgus-varus moment and the knee angles were compared between normal level walking and stair climbing. DESIGN: Ten healthy subjects were tested for ascent, descent, and level walking. BACKGROUND: An understanding of the normal valgus-varus motion of the knee during stair climbing is needed to apply biomechanical analysis of stair climbing as a evaluation tool for knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: A motion analysis system, three force plates, and a flight of stairs were used to collect kinematic and kinetic data. The knee angles and moments were calculated from the collected kinematic and kinetic data. RESULTS: The knee varus angle for the maximum knee valgus moments in stair climbing was significantly greater than that in level walking. The knee valgus moment was significantly correlated to ground reaction forces and knee valgus-varus angle during stair climbing and level walking. CONCLUSIONS: There is a coupling between the knee valgus-varus motion and flexion-extension motion. Ground reaction forces are the major contributors to the within-subject variation in the knee valgus-varus moment during stair climbing and level walking. The knee valgus-varus angle is a major contributor to the between-subject variation in the knee valgus moment during stair climbing and level walking.
Authors:
B Yu; M J Stuart; T Kienbacher; E S Growney; K-N An
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon)     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1879-1271     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon)     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Jun-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8611877     Medline TA:  Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  286-293     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Orthopedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
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