Document Detail


Vagal nerve complex in normal development and sudden infant death syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8673958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is not understood, one of the major hypotheses is that a subtle defect in respiratory circuitry is an important underlying factor. The vagus nerve is a critical component of respiratory control, but its neuroanatomic complexity has limited its investigation in human disease. METHODS: Correlating developmental studies on different parts of the vagus nerve allows a more comprehensive assessment of its maturation process. Comparison of the normal developing vagus nerve with nerves examined in SIDS patients suggests alterations in the nucleus tractus solitarius and dorsal vagal nucleus as well as in the peripheral vagus nerve. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The persistence of dendritic spines and lack of appropriate axonal growth implies delays in vagal maturation. Since nodose ganglia can be examined in vitro from autopsy material, perturbation to this system can be explored to evaluate further the mechanism involved in terminal vagal maturation. Although the reason for the delayed vagal maturation in SIDS is not apparent, the presence of astrogliosis in the region of the vagal nuclei is consistent with an exposure to hypoxic-ischemic events some time before death.
Authors:
L E Becker; W Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0317-1671     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Neurol Sci     Publication Date:  1996 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-14     Completed Date:  1996-08-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415227     Medline TA:  Can J Neurol Sci     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  24-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Infant
Solitary Nucleus / pathology,  physiopathology
Sudden Infant Death / pathology*
Vagus Nerve / pathology,  physiology*,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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