Document Detail

Vacuum phenomena in the sacroiliac joints and in association with sacral insufficiency fractures. Incidence and significance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9306531     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY DESIGN: The computed tomography scans of two groups of patients of similar age and sex, with and without sacral insufficiency fractures, respectively, were assessed retrospectively. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of sacroiliac joint vacuum phenomena in individuals with and without sacral insufficiency fractures and to evaluate a possible association between vacuum phenomena and sacral insufficiency fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The occurrence of vacuum phenomena is well recognized in the vertebra, but not in the sacroiliac joint. Gas foci in sacral insufficiency fractures recently has been reported. It has been suggested that the presence of vacuum phenomena may aid in the diagnosis of these fractures. METHODS: The computed tomography scans of 28 female patients with sacral insufficiency fractures and of 60 age- and sex-matched control individuals were evaluated. RESULTS: In the group with sacral insufficiency fractures, vacuum phenomena were detected in 69.2% of patients and in 63.5% of sacroiliac joints, with sacroiliac joint-related osteophytes found in 19.2% of patients. Very similar incidences were demonstrated in the control group. There was no correlation between sacroiliac joint osteophytes and vacuum phenomena in either group. The vacuum phenomenon was detected within the sacral insufficiency fracture in only one patient, in whom the fracture communicated with the adjacent sacroiliac joint. CONCLUSION: Vacuum phenomena are frequently found in the sacroiliac joints of elderly women, and their presence is of no diagnostic significance when demonstrated in patients with sacral insufficiency fractures.
W C Peh; G C Ooi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spine     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0362-2436     ISO Abbreviation:  Spine     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-23     Completed Date:  1997-10-23     Revised Date:  2009-07-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610646     Medline TA:  Spine (Phila Pa 1976)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2005-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Case-Control Studies
Fractures, Stress / epidemiology*,  radiography
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Sacroiliac Joint / radiography*
Sacrum / injuries*
Spinal Fractures / epidemiology*,  radiography
Spinal Osteophytosis / radiography
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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