Document Detail

VItamin D supplementation in infants, children, and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20229973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vitamin D deficiency in children can have adverse health consequences, such as growth failure and rickets. In 2008,the American Academy of Pediatrics increased its recommended daily intake of vitamin D in infants, children, and adolescents to 400 IU. Infants who are breastfed and children and adolescents who consume less than 1 L of vitamin D-fortified milk per day will likely need supplementation to reach 400 IU of vitamin D per day. This recommendation is based on expert opinion and recent clinical trials measuring biomarkers of vitamin D status. It is also based on the precedent of preventing and treating rickets with 400 IU of vitamin D. In addition to dietary sources, exposure to ultraviolet B sunlight provides children and adults with additional vitamin D. Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends keeping infants out of direct sunlight, decreased sunlight exposure may increase children's risk of vitamin D deficiency. No randomized controlled trials assessing patient-oriented outcomes have been performed on universal vitamin D supplementation. However, vitamin D may reduce the risk of certain infections and chronic diseases. Physicians should help parents choose the appropriate vitamin D supplement for their child.
Catherine F Casey; David C Slawson; Lindsey R Neal
Related Documents :
20116943 - Vitamin k the basics--what's new?
2709263 - Vitamin k1 and k2 in infant human liver.
22907583 - Intermittent detection of fetal heart rate abnormalities identify infants at greatest r...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American family physician     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1532-0650     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Fam Physician     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-16     Completed Date:  2010-04-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1272646     Medline TA:  Am Fam Physician     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  745-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
University of Virginia Medical Center, 375 Four Leaf Lane, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding
Child, Preschool
Dietary Supplements*
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
Vitamin D Deficiency / complications,  diagnosis,  therapy*
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vitamins; 1406-16-2/Vitamin D
Comment In:
Am Fam Physician. 2010 Mar 15;81(6):703   [PMID:  20229968 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The Generalized Rash: Part II. Diagnostic Approach.
Next Document:  Lead poisoning in children.