Document Detail

VDD pacing in children with congenital complete heart block: advantages of a single pass lead.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9272518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A single pass lead for VDD pacing in complete heart block is well described in adults but there are only brief reports of its use in children. We used standard adult size single pass leads in ten children and adolescents aged 3.7-17.2 years (mean 9.9 years) and weighing 13.5-76 kg (mean 35.4 kg) with congenital complete heart block. One patient had coexisting congenital heart disease and had undergone surgery. A 2:1 atrioventricular block in one patient was presumed to be congenital in origin. In four patients, the VDD system was their first pacing system. In six of the patients, 1-4 previous systems had been used and simultaneous extraction of ventricular leads (6) and/or atrial leads (2) was performed. Four different types of lead were used: Brilliant IMP15Q (Vitatron); Brilliant + IMR15Q (Vitatron); CapSure 5032 (Medtronic); and Unipass 425-13 (Intermedics) with four different generators: Saphir 600 (Vitatron); Saphir II 620 (Vitatron); Thera VDD 8948 (Medtronic); and Unity 292-07 (Intermedics). All leads were introduced via a subclavian vein puncture and the atrial dipole was placed low in the right atrium to provide slack for further growth while maintaining atrial sensing. Ventricular thresholds ranged from 0.2-0.8 V. The minimal atrial amplitude was 0.7-4 mV and the maximum amplitude was 2.5-8 mV. There was one early microdisplacement and the lead was repositioned. Over a follow-up period ranging from 1-39 months (mean 20.4 months), all patients have maintained low ventricular pacing thresholds and adequate atrial signals for reliable pacing at rest and with exercise. During this time some have undergone considerable growth. The patient with coexisting congenital heart disease died suddenly at 3 years, but the pacing system had no fault at autopsy. The standard adult size single pass lead provides a simple means to enable reliable atrial synchronous ventricular pacing in growing children with complete heart block.
E Rosenthal; J Bostock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-16     Completed Date:  1997-10-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2102-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial*
Child, Preschool
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology
Equipment Design
Equipment Failure
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Atria
Heart Block / congenital*,  therapy
Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery
Pacemaker, Artificial*
Physical Exertion / physiology
Reproducibility of Results
Rest / physiology
Subclavian Vein
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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