Document Detail

Uveitis associated with septic peritonitis in a cat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21631715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of bilateral uveitis believed to be a consequence of septic peritonitis in a 19-month-old cat.
CASE SUMMARY: Bilateral anterior uveitis with suspicion of extension to the posterior segment was documented in a previously healthy young cat during hospitalization for severe septic peritonitis. Based on medical history and other findings uveitis was believed to result from concurrent abdominal sepsis, due either to metastatic seeding of bacterial organisms or to effects of bacterial toxins and inflammatory mediators on the blood-aqueous barrier. The cat was surgically and medically managed, and made a full recovery with respect to both his ocular and his abdominal disease.
NEW OR UNIQUE INFORMATION PROVIDED: Ocular complications secondary to systemic sepsis are well documented in people but seldom reported in the veterinary literature. To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of uveitis linked to septic peritonitis in any veterinary species and the first to report sepsis-related uveitis in a cat. Ocular inflammatory disease in the context of critical illness deserves attention as a potential significant source of morbidity. The development of ocular inflammatory disease may serve as a sentinel lesion for systemic sepsis and other life-threatening conditions.
Stephanie A Pumphrey; Christopher G Pirie; Elizabeth A Rozanski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care (San Antonio, Tex. : 2001)     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1476-4431     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-02     Completed Date:  2012-03-01     Revised Date:  2012-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101152804     Medline TA:  J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2011.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Academic Medical Centers
Cat Diseases / diagnosis*,  etiology*,  therapy
Peritonitis / complications,  microbiology,  therapy,  veterinary*
Sepsis / microbiology
Treatment Outcome
Uveitis / complications,  diagnosis,  therapy,  veterinary*

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