Document Detail

Utility of the surface electrocardiogram for confirming right ventricular septal pacing: validation using electroanatomical mapping.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20829188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aims When targeting the interventricular septum during pacemaker implantation, the lead may inadvertently be positioned on the anterior wall due to imprecise fluoroscopic landmarks. Surface electrocardiogram (ECG) criteria of the paced QRS complex (e.g. negativity in lead I) have been proposed to confirm a septal position, but these criteria have not been properly validated. Our aim was to investigate whether the paced QRS complex may be used to confirm septal lead position. Methods Anatomical reconstruction of the right ventricle was performed using a NavX(®) system in 31 patients (70 ± 11 years, 26 males) to validate pacing sites. Surface 12-lead ECGs were analysed by digital callipers and compared while pacing from a para-Hissian position, from the mid-septum, and from the anterior free wall. Results Duration of the QRS complex was not significantly shorter when pacing from the mid-septum compared with the other sites. QRS axis was significantly less vertical during mid-septal pacing (18 ± 51°) compared with para-Hissian (38 ± 37°, P = 0.028) and anterior (53 ± 55°, P = 0.003) pacing, and QRS transition was intermediate (4.8 ± 1.3 vs. 3.8 ± 1.3, P < 0.001, and vs. 5.4 ± 0.9, P = 0.045, respectively), although no cut-offs could reliably distinguish sites. A negative QRS or the presence of a q-wave in lead I tended to be more frequent with anterior than with mid-septal pacing (9/31 vs. 3/31, P = 0.2 and 8/31 vs. 1/31, P = 1.0, respectively). Conclusion No single ECG criterion could reliably distinguish pacing the mid-septum from the anterior wall. In particular, a negative QRS complex in lead I is an inaccurate criterion for validating septal pacing.
Haran Burri; Chan-Il Park; Marc Zimmermann; Pascale Gentil-Baron; Carine Stettler; Henri Sunthorn; Giulia Domenichini; Dipen Shah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  82-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
1Cardiology Service, University Hospital, 4, rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland.
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