Document Detail

The Utility of Serum Hepcidin as a Biomarker for Late-Onset Neonatal Sepsis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22796049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of hepcidin, a potent regulator of host defense and inflammation, in the diagnosis of late-onset sepsis in very low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the diagnostic performance of hepcidin with C-reactive protein from the serum concentrations in acute and convalescent blood specimens obtained from 44 infants suspected of late-onset sepsis. The predictive accuracies were assessed from the areas under receiver operating characteristic curves and the cutoffs that differentiated infants with and without sepsis were identified using classification and regression tree analysis. RESULTS: Seventeen of the enrolled infants in this study were bacteremic and/or received antibiotics for neonatal sepsis for ≥5 days (infants with sepsis). The concentrations of hepcidin were increased 4-fold in infants with compared with infants without sepsis (P < .0001) and returned to similar levels following therapy. The areas under receiver operating characteristic curves of hepcidin was 0.93 compared with 0.83 for C-reactive protein, P = .06. Hepcidin concentration >92.2 ng/mL correctly classified 91% of all infants (positive predictive value: 100%, negative predictive value: 87%, specificity: 100%, and sensitivity: 76%). CONCLUSION: Serum hepcidin concentration may be a useful adjunct test, in addition to blood culture and other markers of infection, in the evaluation of late-onset sepsis in very low birth weight infants.
Tai-Wei Wu; Meredith Tabangin; Ryosuke Kusano; Yan Ma; Ross Ridsdale; Henry Akinbi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Neonatology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA.
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