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Utility of Interferon-α as a Biomarker in Central Neuropsychiatric Involvement in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22247358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of interferon-α (IFN-α) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a biomarker of disease activity in central neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (cNPSLE). METHODS: Serum and CSF samples were drawn at hospitalization in 34 patients with cNPSLE, 16 surgical SLE, 4 primary neuropsychiatric conditions, and 25 with nonautoimmune conditions, except in 44 non-NPSLE patients in whom only serum was studied. Six months later, serum/CSF and serum samples were taken in 20 cNPSLE and 35 non-NPSLE patients, respectively. SLE activity was assessed at hospitalization, and 6 months later in cNPSLE and non-NPSLE patients. IFN-α was detected by Luminex technology. RESULTS: The mean ± SD age of patients with cNPSLE was 31.4 ± 12.2 years, which was similar across the study groups (p = 0.46). Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) scores among cNPSLE, non-NPSLE, and SLE-surgical patients were 15.3 ± 8.2, 12.4 ± 8.2, and 3.8 ± 1.5, respectively. IFN-α levels in serum were higher in cNPSLE than in nonautoimmune patients (p = 0.02), but were similar to non-NPSLE and SLE-surgical groups. In CSF samples, IFN-α levels were higher in cNPSLE than in nonautoimmune patients (p = 0.03), and were nonsignificantly higher than in SLE-surgical and primary neuropsychiatric patients. Six months later, serum levels of IFN-α did not vary from baseline values despite a significant decrease in SLEDAI-2K score in cNPSLE and non-NPSLE patients. IFN-α levels in the CSF of patients with cNPSLE also remained stable. Among specific cNPSLE syndromes, CSF IFN-α levels were significantly higher among patients with acute confusional syndrome. CONCLUSION: IFN-α does not seem to represent a useful biomarker of cNPSLE syndromes; its utility in specific cNPSLE manifestations merits further investigation.
Authors:
Hilda Fragoso-Loyo; Yemil Atisha-Fregoso; Carlos A Núñez-Alvarez; Luis Llorente; Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0315-162X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501984     Medline TA:  J Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.
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