Document Detail

The Utility of an Interferon Gamma Release Assay for Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection and Disease in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21427627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND:: The utility of interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) has been assessed in adults, but remains unclear in children. We reviewed the literature on the use of a commercial IGRA in immunocompetent children for the diagnosis of both latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and TB disease. METHODS:: We searched PubMed for studies published before January 2010 on the diagnosis of TB in children using an IGRA. We compared the specificity and sensitivity of the tuberculin skin test (TST) and the IGRA for LTBI and conducted a random effects meta-analysis on sensitivity of the IGRA for TB disease. RESULTS:: Of 68 studies identified, 20 were included in this review. There was increased specificity of the IGRA for LTBI in children compared with TST, but varying sensitivities. Sensitivity of the IGRA in detecting TB disease in children also varied when compared with TST (mean κ score, 0.57). For all TB cases, the pooled sensitivity was 66% (95% confidence interval [CI], 53%-78%) with heterogeneity (I = 74.8%). Stratification by background TB incidence highlighted a significantly reduced IGRA sensitivity of 55% (95% CI, 37%-73%) in high incidence settings when compared with low incidence settings, 70% (95% CI, 53%-84%). CONCLUSIONS:: There was no clear evidence that IGRAs should replace TST for detecting LTBI in children. Sensitivity of the IGRA for TB disease was no different from TST, and a significantly reduced IGRA sensitivity was found in high-burden TB settings compared with low-burden TB settings. Further studies are needed to determine the value of IGRAs in LTBI and TB disease diagnosis in children.
Shingai Machingaidze; Charles Shey Wiysonge; Yulieth Gonzalez-Angulo; Mark Hatherill; Sizulu Moyo; Willem Hanekom; Hassan Mahomed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Pediatric infectious disease journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-0987     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701858     Medline TA:  Pediatr Infect Dis J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the *South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; and †School of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
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