Document Detail

Utero-ovarian Anastomoses and Their Influence on Uterine Fibroid Embolization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22440591     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To correlate clinical outcomes after uterine artery embolization (UAE) performed to treat uterine fibroids with the presence of varying types of utero-ovarian anastomoses (UOA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all uterine angiograms from 202 patients (mean age 42 y, range 28-54 y) who underwent UAE because of heavy menstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea, or anemia or a combination of these symptoms. UOA were classified as absent or present, unilateral or bilateral. The effects of UOA on long-term outcomes (clinical endpoints such as control of bleeding and pain) and complications (amenorrhea) were assessed statistically using Kaplan-Meier curves and χ(2) and log-rank tests. RESULTS: Of the UOA in 104 women, 38 anastomoses were bilateral, and 66 were unilateral. Type III was the most common type of anastomosis (66 cases) followed by type Ia (22 cases) and type Ib (18 cases); there were no type II anastomoses. Amenorrhea was reported in 27 (14%) women at 5-year follow-up after UAE (only 3% in women < 45 y old). There were 10 cases of clinical failure with a median follow-up of > 4 years. Bilateral or unilateral presence of UOA had no statistically significant effect on outcomes or on complications. CONCLUSIONS: Recurrence rates, clinical failure, and amenorrhea after UAE do not seem to be influenced by the presence or absence of UOA. However, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Carlos Lanciego; Isabel Diaz-Plaza; Juan-José Ciampi; Rafael Cuena-Boy; Nieves Rodríguez-Martín; Maria-Dolores Maldonado; Olga Rodriguez-Gómez; Maria-Luisa Cañete; Lorenzo García-García
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-7732     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203369     Medline TA:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Interventional Radiology Unit, Hospital Virgen de la Salud, Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo, Avda. Barber 30, 45004 Toledo, Spain.
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