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Uterine Signaling at the Emergence of the Embryo from Obligate Diapause.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21304066     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Embryonic diapause is the reversible arrest of embryo development prior to implantation under a regime of uterine control that is not well understood. Our objective was to explore uterine modifications associated with the emergence of embryonic diapause in the mink, a species in which embryonic diapause characterizes every gestation. We investigated the uterine transcriptome at reactivation using the suppressive subtractive hybridization technique. A library of 123 differentially expressed genes between uteri with blastocysts in diapause and reactivated blastocysts was generated. Among those genes, 41.5 % encode for potential secreted products that are implicated in regulation of cell proliferation (14%), homeostasis (14%), protein folding (11%), electron transport chain (8%) and innate immune response (8%), therefore suggesting that these biological processes are implicated in blastocyst reactivation. Two genes, the high mobility group nucleosome binding domain 1 (HMGN1), a chromatin remodeling factor and the secreted protein acidic and cystein-rich (SPARC), which is implicated in extracellular cell-cell interactions, were submitted to more detailed analysis of expression patterns in the mink uterus at blastocyst reactivation. Expression of both HMGN1 and SPARC was significantly increased in the uterus at embryo reactivation compared to diapause, principally in the endometrial epithelium and subepithelial stroma. These results provide new insight into uterine signaling at the emergence of the blastocyst from diapause and highlight the factors HMGN1 and SPARC as potential inductors of uterine environment modifications underlying uterine signaling during emergence of the embryo from embryonic diapause.
Pavine Lc Lefévre; Marie-France Palin; Daniéle Beaudry; Mira Dobias-Goff; Joëlle A Desmarais; Evelyn M Llerena V; Bruce D Murphy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1555     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Universite de Montreal.
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