Document Detail

Using quality improvement strategies to enhance pediatric pain assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11871628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a quality improvement approach to implementing developmentally appropriate pain assessment guidelines for pediatric inpatients. Patient and staff satisfaction with pain assessment and management, and staff documentation were evaluated one year following the implementation of the revised pain assessment guidelines. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. SETTING: The pediatric hematology/oncology unit of a regional children's hospital. Study participants. A convenience sample of 36 children and 68 staff at time 1 (TI) and 49 children and 82 staff at time 2 (T2). INTERVENTIONS: Staff were educated on the use of pediatric pain assessment tools and a standardized pain assessment protocol was put into practice. Children or their primary caregivers were interviewed, using a questionnaire modified from the American Pain Society quality assurance guidelines, regarding their experiences with pain assessment and management on the unit at T1, just prior to the staff education, and one year later at T2. Multidisciplinary unit staff completed a parallel questionnaire at T1 and T2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient and staff satisfaction with pain assessment and management, and chart audit of compliance with pain assessment documentation. RESULTS: Patients, family members, and staff reported increased pain assessment, improved staff responsiveness to patients' pain and greater satisfaction with assessment tools between TI and T2. Increased compliance with the assessment guidelines was confirmed by chart audit. CONCLUSIONS: Improved pain assessment and management practices with resultant increase in patient and staff satisfaction can be achieved and sustained over time using quality improvement strategies.
Marsha J Treadwell; Linda S Franck; Elliott Vichinsky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal for quality in health care : journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care / ISQua     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1353-4505     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Qual Health Care     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-01     Completed Date:  2002-04-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434628     Medline TA:  Int J Qual Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sickle Cell Center, Children's Hospital Oakland, CA 94609, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Sickle Cell / complications
Child, Hospitalized / psychology*
Child, Preschool
Consumer Satisfaction
Guideline Adherence*
Hospital Units / standards*
Hospitals, Pediatric / standards
Neoplasms / complications
Pain Measurement / standards*
Patient Satisfaction
Pediatrics / standards*
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Sampling Studies
Total Quality Management / methods*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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