Document Detail


Using native riparian barriers to reduce Giardia in agricultural runoff to freshwater ecosystems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20705977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Waterway degradation in agricultural settings is caused by direct and diffuse sources of pollution. Waterway fencing focuses on reducing direct faecal contamination, but the extent to which it reduces overland surface runoff of pathogens is unknown. This study evaluated the potential of four riparian treatments to reduce Giardia in saturation excess surface runoff entering the waterway. Treatment 1 comprised exotic pasture grass and weeds that regenerated from bare soil between the fence and the waterway in the absence of cattle grazing and was compared with three others comprising monocultural plantings of New Zealand native grassland plants. Runoff experiments involving Giardia were performed after planting, both prior to and following the summer growing season. Giardia was not detected from any plot prior to cyst addition. In spring the native 'C. secta', 'A. lessoniana' and 'C. richardii' treatments showed significantly greater reductions in Giardia in runoff than the 'exotic grasses' treatment, while in autumn the 'C. richardii' treatment reduced Giardia more than the 'exotic grasses/weeds'. A reduction in public health risk should follow from riparian vegetation, whether exotic or native, but with an added benefit in the case of the native tussock grass C. richardii, due to the associated lower runoff rate.
Authors:
Cynthia L Winkworth; Christoph D Matthaei; Colin R Townsend
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-04-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of water and health     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1477-8920     ISO Abbreviation:  J Water Health     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-13     Completed Date:  2011-01-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101185420     Medline TA:  J Water Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  631-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. cynthia.winkworth@otago.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture
Animals
Cattle
Ecosystem*
Giardia / isolation & purification*
Rivers / parasitology*
Water Movements
Water Pollution / prevention & control*

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