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Using mentally incompetent adults as living organ donors: widely diverging regulations in Europe.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23198485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
With the current situation in Belgium as its initial focus, this article will examine the regulatory framework that governs the use of mentally incompetent adults as living organ donors in Europe. Our survey of the national regulation of 22 countries will reveal widely diverging viewpoints, ranging from an absolute prohibition on organ procurement to a barely restricted authorisation to retrieve even non-regenerable organs. We also have a look at the way in which American and English court decisions have applied the best interests standard in an attempt to define the contours of acceptable organ removal from mentally incompetent donors. Taking the best interests of the mentally incompetent person as a yardstick, we suggest that legally prohibiting organ removal from mentally incompetents may be problematic, even if it concerns only non-regenerable organs, and that regulations should be refined accordingly.
Authors:
Kristof Van Assche; Gilles Genicot; Sigrid Sterckx
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of health law     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0929-0273     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Health Law     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431861     Medline TA:  Eur J Health Law     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  441-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Law and Criminology, LSTS, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
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