Document Detail


Using low-frequency oscillation to detect bronchodilator responsiveness in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9476875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The potential of the low-frequency forced oscillation technique (FOT) to measure the response to inhaled salbutamol was studied in 13 infants with a history of recurrent wheeze and nine healthy infants. The input impedance of the respiratory system (Zrs) between 0.5 and 20 Hz was measured at a transrespiratory pressure of 20 cm H2O during a brief Hering-Breuer reflex-induced pause in breathing. Parameters representing the airway resistance (Raw) and inertance (law), and a constant-phase tissue damping (G) and elastance (H) were estimated from the Zrs spectra. Lung function was measured before and after the administration of 500 microg of salbutamol via a small-volume metal spacer. Six of these infants also received a placebo aerosol. A fall in Raw (13% for the entire group) occurred following treatment with salbutamol (p < 0.008) but not placebo. There was no significant difference in the response to salbutamol between the normal infants (7.65% +/- 5.49%) and those with recurrent wheeze (17.58% +/- 8.67%). On grouped data, the fall in G just failed to reach statistical significance (p = 0.05) after correcting the significance level for multiple tests. No significant change occurred in law or H. We conclude that the low-frequency FOT is a suitable methodology for studying bronchodilator responsiveness in infants.
Authors:
M J Hayden; F Petak; Z Hantos; G Hall; P D Sly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  157     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-12     Completed Date:  1998-03-12     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  574-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Inhalation
Airway Resistance / drug effects
Albuterol / pharmacology*
Bronchi / drug effects*
Bronchodilator Agents / pharmacology*
Electric Impedance
Heart Rate / drug effects
High-Frequency Ventilation*
Humans
Infant
Lung / drug effects,  physiology
Male
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bronchodilator Agents; 18559-94-9/Albuterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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