Document Detail


Using a combined motivational and volitional intervention to promote exercise and healthy dietary behaviour among undergraduates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22055834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: This study tested the impact of combining a motivational intervention based on protection motivation theory (PMT, Rogers, 1983 [18]) plus a volitional intervention based on action planning and coping planning, as a way to promote the prevention of type 2 diabetes among UK undergraduates. METHODS: Eighty-four participants were randomly assigned to either a control group or one of three experimental conditions: motivational intervention (PMT), volitional intervention (APCP), or combined motivational and volitional intervention (PMT&APCP). PMT variables, dietary and exercise behaviours were measured at three time-points over a four-week period. RESULTS: The motivational intervention significantly changed PMT variables. The combined motivational and volitional intervention significantly decreased fat intake and increased the frequency of exercise relative to all other groups, and significantly increased the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed relative to control and volitional intervention groups. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that motivational intervention is effective at changing cognitions but changing behaviour requires an intervention based on both motivation and volition.
Authors:
Ying Zhang; Richard Cooke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes research and clinical practice     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508335     Medline TA:  Diabetes Res Clin Pract     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Psychology, School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK.
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