Document Detail


Using cineradiography for continuous dynamic-motion analysis of the lumbar spine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11568694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STUDY DESIGN: Cineradiography was used to analyze continuous dynamic motion in the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVES: To identify motion patterns of the lumbar spine in asymptomatic volunteers and symptomatic patients with L4 degenerative spondylolisthesis, and to use the findings to discuss segmental instability in this disorder. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The use of radiographic findings to assess lumbar spine instability remains controversial. Although some studies have reported on lumbar kinematics during actual movement, the motion patterns in asymptomatic volunteers and symptomatic patients with L4 degenerative spondylolisthesis have not been fully clarified. METHODS: While asymptomatic volunteers (n=20; mean age, 27; control group) and symptomatic patients with L4 degenerative spondylolisthesis (n=41; mean age, 63; degenerative spondylolisthesis [DS] group) flexed from a sitting neutral position and back to the neutral position (flexion course), cineradiography was used to record lateral segmental lumbar motions. Twelve frames were selected during the flexion course, and flexion-extension angle (f-e angle) and translation in the sagittal plane were measured at each motion segment (L2-L3, L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1). The DS group was classified into 2 subgroups according to percentage of slip: DS group I, with a slip equal to or less than 15%; and DS group II, with a slip of more than 15%. The motion pattern was compared between the groups. RESULTS: In the control group, f-e angle and translation at the L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5 segments moved simultaneously, although the L5-S1 segment showed an initial delay. The amount of f-e angle and translation changed almost symmetrically. In both f-e angle and translation, the L4-L5 segment showed a large motion pattern. In DS group I (n=21), the L4-L5 segment showed a large motion pattern in f-e angle and an intermediate motion pattern in translation. In DS group II (n=20), the L4-L5 segment showed an intermediate motion pattern in f-e angle, and a small motion pattern in translation. The relative range of f-e angle at the L4-L5 segment had the largest range in DS group I, and the relative translation showed a serial decrease from the control group through DS group II. A significant correlation between f-e angle and translation (harmonious motion pattern) was noted at the L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5 segments in the control group. The harmonious motion pattern at the L4-L5 segment was significantly less in the DS group than in the control group. The loss of harmonious motion pattern (disordered motion pattern) at L4-L5 was well-revealed in the DS group II. CONCLUSIONS: Motion analyses using cineradiography helped to explain the phenomena of lumbar spine kinematics. Based on continuous dynamic-motion analysis with cineradiography, large f-e angle and disordered motion pattern during the flexion-backward course in the DS group I was considered to be caused by segmental instability. The decreased translation and disordered motion pattern throughout the flexion course in the DS group II was considered to be caused by restabilization.
Authors:
K Takayanagi; K Takahashi; M Yamagata; H Moriya; H Kitahara; T Tamaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0362-2436     ISO Abbreviation:  Spine     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-24     Completed Date:  2001-10-18     Revised Date:  2009-07-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610646     Medline TA:  Spine (Phila Pa 1976)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1858-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chiba Social Insurance Hospital, Japan. ken-taka@kc4.so-net.ne.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Biomechanics
Cineradiography*
Female
Humans
Joint Instability / physiopathology,  radiography
Lumbar Vertebrae / physiology*,  physiopathology*,  radiography
Male
Middle Aged
Movement / physiology*
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Spondylolisthesis / physiopathology*,  radiography

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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