Document Detail

Using the case method to develop clinical reasoning skills in problem-based learning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7785717     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Clinical reasoning is increasingly recognized as a crucial component of the occupational therapy process. Different types of clinical reasoning used by occupational therapists have been identified, including scientific, procedural, interactive, narrative, conditional, and pragmatic reasoning. This article describes the use of the case method in the University of New Mexico undergraduate occupational therapy curriculum to facilitate development of occupational therapy students' problem-solving and reasoning abilities. The case method is a component of problem-based learning that emphasizes small group work to solve clinical problems that are presented as case studies. Students are presented with a variety of case formulas including paper or written cases, videotape cases, simulated client cases, and real client cases to promote the development of specific types of clinical reasoning. Problem-based learning may also hold promise as an educational strategy for fieldwork students and clinicians.
B VanLeit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0272-9490     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Occup Ther     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-19     Completed Date:  1995-07-19     Revised Date:  2012-08-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705978     Medline TA:  Am J Occup Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  349-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131-5641, USA.
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MeSH Terms
New Mexico
Occupational Therapy / education*
Patient Care Planning*
Patient Simulation
Problem-Based Learning*
Professional-Patient Relations

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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