Document Detail


Using auditory classification images for the identification of fine acoustic cues used in speech perception.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24379774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An essential step in understanding the processes underlying the general mechanism of perceptual categorization is to identify which portions of a physical stimulation modulate the behavior of our perceptual system. More specifically, in the context of speech comprehension, it is still a major open challenge to understand which information is used to categorize a speech stimulus as one phoneme or another, the auditory primitives relevant for the categorical perception of speech being still unknown. Here we propose to adapt a method relying on a Generalized Linear Model with smoothness priors, already used in the visual domain for the estimation of so-called classification images, to auditory experiments. This statistical model offers a rigorous framework for dealing with non-Gaussian noise, as it is often the case in the auditory modality, and limits the amount of noise in the estimated template by enforcing smoother solutions. By applying this technique to a specific two-alternative forced choice experiment between stimuli "aba" and "ada" in noise with an adaptive SNR, we confirm that the second formantic transition is key for classifying phonemes into /b/ or /d/ in noise, and that its estimation by the auditory system is a relative measurement across spectral bands and in relation to the perceived height of the second formant in the preceding syllable. Through this example, we show how the GLM with smoothness priors approach can be applied to the identification of fine functional acoustic cues in speech perception. Finally we discuss some assumptions of the model in the specific case of speech perception.
Authors:
Léo Varnet; Kenneth Knoblauch; Fanny Meunier; Michel Hoen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-12-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in human neuroscience     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1662-5161     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Hum Neurosci     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-31     Completed Date:  2013-12-31     Revised Date:  2014-01-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101477954     Medline TA:  Front Hum Neurosci     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  865     Citation Subset:  -    
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