Document Detail


Uses and limitations of exercise Doppler echocardiography in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3655147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study tested the hypothesis that coronary artery disease might be identified by a decrease in Doppler measurements of flow velocity and acceleration. The response of aortic blood flow velocity and acceleration to exercise was determined in 102 subjects (28 young control subjects and 74 older patients) who underwent continuous wave Doppler echocardiographic examination before, during and immediately after near maximal treadmill exercise. Patients were grouped according to the results of thallium perfusion imaging: Group I = normal, Group II = ischemia with or without prior infarction and Group III = prior infarction only. A significant decrease in the level of velocity and acceleration achieved with exercise was observed both in patients in Group I (normal thallium study) (1.2 +/- 0.3 m/s and 36.8 +/- 14 m/s per s, p less than or equal to 0.005) and in patients in Group II (ischemia) (1.1 +/- 0.3 m/s and 27.7 +/- 11 m/s per s, p less than or equal to 0.0005) compared with values in young control subjects (1.4 +/- 0.2 m/s and 52.7 +/- 16 m/s per s). When groups of patients of similar age who differed in the presence (Group II) or absence (Group I) of ischemia on thallium scintigraphy were compared, no difference was found for maximal velocity (1.1 +/- 0.3 versus 1.2 +/- 0.3 m/s, p = NS), but acceleration was significantly lower in Group II (27.7 +/- 11 versus 36.8 +/- 14 m/s per s, p less than or equal to 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
M R Harrison; M D Smith; B J Friedman; A N DeMaria
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-11-04     Completed Date:  1987-11-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  809-17     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington 40536.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aorta / physiopathology,  radionuclide imaging
Blood Flow Velocity
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  radionuclide imaging
Echocardiography*
Exercise Test*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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