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Usefulness of multiplex PCR in the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis in females with infertility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23052988     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the usefulness of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (m-PCR) in detecting uterine tuberculosis in women with infertility. In a prospective study, endometrial curetting from 620 females with infertility were investigated using laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, histopathology, smear microscopy, mycobacterial culture in BACTEC MGIT™ 960, and in-house m-PCR. The mean age of the women was 29.75 ± 4.66 years. The majority (596) sought medical attention for infertility; of them, 455 (76.34 %) presented with primary and 141 (23.65 %) with secondary infertility. A total of 158 (25.48 %) women were diagnosed as having uterine tuberculosis by at least one of the diagnostic methods. Among them, laparoscopy was positive in 46 (29.11 %), hysteroscopy in 77 (48.73 %), histopathology in only 8 (5.06 %), smear for acid fast bacilli in 4 (2.53 %), and liquid culture in 24 (15.18 %) patients. The in-house m-PCR was positive in 135 (85.44 %) women. Of these, 129 (95.55 %) samples were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, while 6 (4.44 %) were positive for non-tuberculous mycobacterial DNA. Of the 129 M. tuberculosis PCR-positive women, 112 received anti-tubercular treatment and 23 of these conceived and fell pregnant after the completion of treatment. For the diagnosis of uterine tuberculosis, m-PCR was found to be the most efficient diagnostic tool compared to the other methods.
M M Sankar; P Kumar; A Munawwar; M Kumar; J Singh; A Singh; D Parashar; N Malhotra; S Duttagupta; S Singh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-4373     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804297     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Clinical Microbiology Division, Department of Laboratory Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, 110 029, India.
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