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Usefulness of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein in patients with severe sepsis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22386224     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the value of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (hFABP) as a novel clinical biomarker in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS: Serum concentrations of hFABP and traditional cardiac biomarkers including cardiac troponin I, creatine kinase-MB, and B-type natriuretic peptides levels were measured within 6 hours after admission in 93 severe septic patients. The value of hFABP for the diagnosis of sepsis-related myocardial dysfunction (SRMD) and for the prediction of 28-day mortality was evaluated by receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. The prognostic value of elevated hFABP was subsequently confirmed by multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein was elevated (≥4.5 ng/mL) in 58 (62.4%) patients; patients with elevated hFABP appeared more likely to have SRMD (84.5% vs 31.4%, P < .001) and have higher prevalence of 28-day death (37.9% vs 8.6%, P = .002). Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein offered superior value over conventional biomarkers in both diagnosis of SRMD (area under the curve, 0.767; P < .001) and prediction of 28-day death (area under the curve, 0.805; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Serum hFABP is frequently elevated among patients with severe sepsis and appears to be associated with SRMD. Elevated hFABP independently predicts 28-day mortality in severe sepsis.
Zhao-Cai Zhang; Hai-Wen Dai; Yi-Hua Yu; Ji-Dong Yang; Cai-Bao Hu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of critical care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-8615     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610642     Medline TA:  J Crit Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China; Intensive Care Unit, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China.
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