Document Detail

Usefulness of erythrocyte-bound C4d as a biomarker to predict disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19553377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: SLE is an autoimmune disorder characterized by abnormal complement activation. Numerous new biomarkers have recently been used to diagnose or monitor disease activity in patients with SLE. We checked the levels of erythrocyte-bound C4d (E-C4d), an activation-derived fragment of C4 that is deposited on the erythrocytes, under different conditions of SLE in order to correlate these levels with disease activity. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional investigation of three groups of patients: (i) 63 patients with SLE; (ii) 43 patients with other diseases; and (iii) 26 healthy controls. Erythrocytes were analysed by flow cytometry to determine the levels of E-C4d. RESULTS: We found a significant elevation in the mean levels of E-C4d in SLE patients compared with patients with other diseases or healthy controls. In SLE patients, the levels of E-C4d were correlated with the SLEDAI and inversely correlated with serum C3/C4 levels. In the subgroup of SLE patients with haemolytic anaemia (HA), a significantly higher level of E-C4d was observed than that in SLE patients without HA. However, in SLE patients with HA, there was no correlation between the levels of E-C4d and other markers of disease activity, including SLEDAI and levels of anti-dsDNA, C3 and C4. CONCLUSION: E-C4d levels are useful diagnostic markers for SLE and can serve as biomarkers of disease activity in patients with SLE. However, E-C4d is of limited value in monitoring disease activity in SLE patients with HA.
Deng-Ho Yang; Deh-Ming Chang; Jenn-Haung Lai; Fu-Huang Lin; Chen-Hung Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-06-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rheumatology (Oxford, England)     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1462-0332     ISO Abbreviation:  Rheumatology (Oxford)     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-18     Completed Date:  2009-10-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883501     Medline TA:  Rheumatology (Oxford)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1083-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy, Armed-Forces Taichung General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune / etiology,  immunology
Biological Markers / blood
Complement C4b / analysis*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Erythrocytes / immunology*
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications,  diagnosis*
Middle Aged
Peptide Fragments / analysis*
Severity of Illness Index
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Peptide Fragments; 80295-50-7/Complement C4b; 80295-52-9/complement C4d

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