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Usefulness of airway evaluation in infants initially seen with an apparent life-threatening event.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21502473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To determine how often the pediatric otolaryngology service is involved in the initial care of infants with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE), to assess the usefulness of bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy in diagnosing the underlying etiology, and to describe the long-term airway outcomes and whether these patients were seen by the pediatric otolaryngology service over a 5-year follow-up period.
DESIGN: Retrospective observational study.
SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital affiliated with a university hospital.
PATIENTS: Screened were 187 903 patient visits for infants younger than 12 months. A total of 1148 infants with an ALTE were identified, 471 of whom met study inclusion criteria. To identify the study population, these infants were cross-referenced against a database of 5156 patients who underwent airway evaluation by the pediatric otolaryngology service.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Airway evaluation with or without intervention.
RESULTS: Four hundred seventy-one infants with an ALTE met study inclusion criteria, 9 of whom subsequently underwent airway evaluation via bronchoscopy, laryngoscopy, or both. Three were referred during their initial ALTE admission, and 6 were seen later in childhood. Five of 9 patients had normal findings, 3 patients had laryngomalacia (including 2 with laryngeal edema), and 1 patient had adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Interventions consisted of 2 supraglottoplasties and 1 adenotonsillectomy.
CONCLUSIONS: Among well-appearing infants hospitalized with an ALTE, 98.1% (462 of 471) did not undergo subsequent airway evaluation, and only 0.6% (3 of 471) ultimately required pediatric otolaryngologic surgical intervention during 5 years after the event. This study shows that otolaryngologists are not frequently consulted for well-appearing infants with an ALTE and that airway abnormalities are rare.
Authors:
Mark W Willis; Joshua L Bonkowsky; Rajendu Srivastava; J Fredrik Grimmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery     Volume:  137     ISSN:  1538-361X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603209     Medline TA:  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
50 N Medical Dr, Room 3C120, Salt Lake City, UT 84132. j.grimmer@imail.org.
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