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Usefulness of Postexercise Ankle-Brachial Index to Predict All-Cause Mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21247542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Peripheral arterial disease predicts future cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Conventional methods of assessment might underestimate its true prevalence. We sought to determine whether a postexercise ankle-brachial index (ABI), not only improved peripheral arterial disease detection, but also independently predicted death. This was an observational study of consecutive patients referred for ABI measurement before and after the fixed-grade treadmill or symptom-limited exercise component to a noninvasive vascular laboratory from January 1990 to December 2000. The subjects were classified into 2 groups. Group 1 included patients with an ABI of ≥0.85 before and after exercise, and group 2 included patients with a normal ABI at rest but <0.85 after exercise. A total of 6,292 patients underwent ABI measurements with exercise during the study period. Propensity score matching of the groups was performed to minimize observational bias. Overall mortality, as determined using the United States Social Security death index, was the end point. The 10-year mortality rate of groups 1 and 2 was 32.7% and 41.2%, respectively. An abnormal postexercise ABI result independently predicted mortality (hazard ratio 1.3, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.58, p = 0.008). Additional independent predictors of mortality were age, male gender, diabetes, and hypertension. After the exclusion of patients with a history of cardiovascular events, the predictive value of an abnormal postexercise ABI remained statistically significant (hazard ratio 1.67, 95% confidence interval 1.29 to 2.17, p <0.0001). In conclusion, our results have shown that the postexercise ABI is a powerful independent predictor of all-cause mortality and provides additional risk stratification beyond the ABI at rest.
Authors:
Mobeen A Sheikh; Deepak L Bhatt; Jianbo Li; Songhua Lin; John R Bartholomew
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Interventional Cardiac and Vascular Service, The Medical Group, Beverly, Massachusetts.
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