Document Detail

Used infant mattresses and sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland: case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12411359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the proposition that a used infant mattress is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
DESIGN: Case-control study.
SETTING: Scotland (population 5.1 million, with about 53 000 births a year).
PARTICIPANTS: 131 infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome between 1 January 1996 and 31 May 2000 and 278 age, season, and obstetric unit matched control infants.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Routine use of an infant mattress previously used by another child and place of last sleep.
RESULTS: Routine use of an infant mattress previously used by another child was significantly associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (multivariate odds ratio 3.07, 95% confidence interval 1.51 to 6.22). Use of a used infant mattress for last sleep was also associated with increased risk (6.10, 2.31 to 16.12). The association was significantly stronger if the mattress was from another home (4.78, 2.08 to 11.0) than if it was from the same home (1.64, 0.64 to 4.2).
CONCLUSION: A valid significant association exists between use of a used infant mattress and an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome, particularly if the mattress is from another home. Insufficient evidence is available to judge whether this relation is cause and effect.
David Tappin; Hazel Brooke; Russell Ecob; Angus Gibson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BMJ (Clinical research ed.)     Volume:  325     ISSN:  1756-1833     ISO Abbreviation:  BMJ     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-04     Completed Date:  2002-11-21     Revised Date:  2013-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8900488     Medline TA:  BMJ     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1007     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Scottish Cot Death Trust, Department of Child Health, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow G3 8SJ.
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MeSH Terms
Bedding and Linens / adverse effects*
Case-Control Studies
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Scotland / epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Sudden Infant Death / epidemiology,  etiology*
Comment In:
BMJ. 2003 Jan 25;326(7382):222   [PMID:  12543847 ]
BMJ. 2002 Nov 2;325(7371):981-2   [PMID:  12411332 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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