Document Detail


Use of ultrasound to increase effectiveness of isokinetic exercise for knee osteoarthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16084806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ultrasound (US) in isokinetic muscle strengthening exercises on functional status of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Effectiveness of isokinetic muscle strengthening exercises for treatment of periarticular soft tissue disorders was compared with and without pulsed and continuous US. SETTING: Outpatient exercise program in a Taiwan medical university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty subjects with bilateral knee OA (Altman grade II). INTERVENTION: Subjects were randomized sequentially into 1 of 4 groups. Group I received isokinetic muscular strengthening exercises, group II received isokinetic exercise and continuous US, group III received isokinetic exercise and pulsed US treatment, and group IV was the control group. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Therapeutic effects of isokinetic exercise were evaluated by changes in ambulation speed and the Lequesne index. In addition, changes in knee range of motion (ROM), visual analog scale for pain, and muscle peak torques during knee flexion and extension were compared. Compliance in each group was recorded. RESULTS: Each treated group had increased muscle peak torques and significantly reduced pain and disability after treatment and at follow-up. However, only patients in groups II and III had significant improvement in ROM and ambulation speed after treatment. Fewer participants in group III discontinued treatment due to knee pain during exercise. Patients in group III also showed the greatest increase in walking speed and decrease in disability after treatment and at follow-up. Gains in muscular strength in 60 degrees /s angular velocity peak torques were also noted in groups II and III. However, group III showed the greatest muscular strength gains with 180 degrees /s angular velocity peak torques after treatment and follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: US treatment could increase the effectiveness of isokinetic exercise for functional improvement of knee OA, and pulsed ultrasound has a greater effect than continuous US.
Authors:
Mao-Hsiung Huang; Yueh-Shuang Lin; Chia-Ling Lee; Rei-Cheng Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0003-9993     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-08     Completed Date:  2005-09-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1545-51     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. maohuang@ms24.hinet.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Disability Evaluation
Exercise Therapy*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Osteoarthritis, Knee / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation*
Pain Measurement
Patient Compliance
Range of Motion, Articular
Torque
Treatment Outcome
Ultrasonic Therapy / methods*
Walking / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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