Document Detail

Use of radial artery graft reduces the morbidity of coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients aged 65 years and older.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12400759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The use of the radial artery graft in patients aged 65 years and older could prevent the occurrence of leg wound infection, which is known to increase the morbidity of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. METHODS: We reviewed, retrospectively, 261 patients aged 65 years and older (age range 65 to 93 years), who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery between February 1998 and August 2001. All the patients received at least one radial artery graft in addition to either a left internal thoracic artery, right internal thoracic artery, or saphenous vein graft as required. Saphenous vein grafts were used in 141 (54.1%) patients (group 1), and these were compared to 120 (45.9%) patients (group 2) who received only arterial conduits. Angiography was performed on 26 consecutive patients. The aim of the study was to review the clinical and angiographic outcomes in this population. RESULTS: The mean number of distal anastomoses performed was 2.98. Mean global operating time was 204 minutes. This time dropped to 201 minutes in group 1 versus 231 minutes in group 2; p = 0.009. Sixteen (11.3%) patients receiving saphenous vein grafts had leg wound infection whereas only 1 (0.3%) patient of the global population had a forearm infection. The mean global hospital stay was 9.81 days; this duration increased to 13 days when leg wound infection occurred versus 9.1 days when infection did not occur; p = 0.008. Twenty-six (10%) patients underwent an early angiographic study. Twenty-four (92.3%) radial artery grafts were patent. CONCLUSIONS: The routine use of radial artery grafts in patients aged 65 years and older is feasible, safe, and does not increase mortality, morbidity, or the complexity of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.
Thomas Modine; Sharif Al-Ruzzeh; Waseem Mazrani; Fazil Azeem; Mahmoud Bustami; Charles Ilsley; Mohamed Amrani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-28     Completed Date:  2002-11-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1144-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
The National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Harefield Hospital, Middlesex, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*
Radial Artery / transplantation*
Retrospective Studies
Surgical Wound Infection / prevention & control
Transplantation, Autologous

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