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Use of peripherally inserted central catheters as an alternative to central catheters in neurocritical care units.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21459866     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background Patients in neurological critical care units often have lengthy stays that require extended vascular access and invasive hemodynamic monitoring. The traditional approach for these patients has relied heavily on central venous and pulmonary artery catheters. The aim of this study was to evaluate peripherally inserted central catheters as an alternative to central venous catheters in neurocritical care settings. Methods Data on 35 patients who had peripherally inserted central catheters rather than central venous or pulmonary artery catheters for intravascular access and monitoring were collected from a prospective registry of neurological critical care admissions. These data were cross-referenced with information from hospital-based data registries for peripherally inserted central catheters and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Results Complete data were available on 33 patients with Hunt-Hess grade IV-V aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Catheters remained in place a total of 649 days (mean, 19 days; range, 4-64 days). One patient (3%) had deep vein thrombosis in an upper extremity. In 2 patients, central venous pressure measured with a peripherally inserted catheter was higher than pressure measured concurrently with a central venous catheter. None of the 33 patients had a central catheter bloodstream infection or persistent insertion-related complications. Conclusions Use of peripherally inserted central catheters rather than central venous catheters or pulmonary artery catheters in the neurocritical care unit reduced procedural and infection risk without compromising patient management.
Christi Delemos; Judy Abi-Nader; Paul T Akins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care nurse     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1940-8250     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Care Nurse     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207799     Medline TA:  Crit Care Nurse     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  70-5     Citation Subset:  N    
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