Document Detail


Use of packaged entrees as part of a weight-loss diet in overweight men: an 8-week randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16448518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: This study assessed the efficacy of a weight-loss diet by using packaged portion-controlled entrees vs. a self-selected diet based on the United States Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid (FGP). METHODS: Sixty healthy overweight men (body mass index (BMI) 26-42 kg/m2; aged 24-60 years) were randomized into two groups for an 8-week intervention. Group E consumed two portion-controlled entrees daily, plus recommended servings from the FGP. Group P consumed a self-selected diet consisting of a recommended number of servings from the FGP. Diets were designed to be isocaloric (1700 kcal) and identical in macronutrient composition (55% carbohydrate, 25% protein and 20% fat). Participants were instructed to make no changes in physical activity levels. Each group was blinded to the protocol of the other group, and received separate diet instructions, but no behavioural or diet counselling. Outcomes included weight, BMI, body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure (BP), fasting blood lipids, glucose, insulin and C-reactive protein. RESULTS: Fifty-one men completed the study. The portion-control group E (n = 25) experienced greater decreases in weight (-7.4 +/- 3.1 vs. -5.1 +/- 4.0 kg), BMI (-2.4 +/- 1.0 vs. -1.6 +/- 1.3 kg/m2), fat mass (-3.6 +/- 1.8 vs. -2.5 +/- 1.8 kg), waist circumference (-6.6 +/- 3.3 vs. -4.3 +/- 2.9 cm) and diastolic BP (-6.0 +/- 7.2 vs. + 0.2 +/- 10.1 mmHg) than group P (n = 26) (p < 0.05). Consumption of a packaged entree diet resulted in greater losses of weight and fat mass, and reduced BP. CONCLUSIONS: Use of packaged entrees as part of a weight-loss diet is an effective means of achieving portion control and enhancing losses of weight and fat mass in overweight men.
Authors:
S M Hannum; L A Carson; E M Evans; E L Petr; C M Wharton; L Bui; J W Erdman
Related Documents :
16674818 - Effects of a carbohydrate-restricted diet on emerging plasma markers for cardiovascular...
6369958 - Cardiac dysfunction in obese dieters: a potentially lethal complication of rapid, massi...
19930768 - Anthropometric, metabolic, psychosocial and dietary factors associated with dropout in ...
8144808 - Key modifiable factors in weight maintenance: fat intake, exercise, and weight cycling.
18184378 - Investigations on iron bioavailability of different sources and supply levels in piglets.
2503468 - Enhancing effect of high fat diet on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced pulmonary tumorig...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes, obesity & metabolism     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1462-8902     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabetes Obes Metab     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-01     Completed Date:  2006-08-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883645     Medline TA:  Diabetes Obes Metab     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  146-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department/Nutritional Sciences Division, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. hannum1@uiuc.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Body Mass Index
Diet, Reducing
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / diet therapy*
Patient Compliance
Weight Loss / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Reactive species and early manifestation of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.
Next Document:  Metformin-glibenclamide versus metformin plus rosiglitazone in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequ...