Document Detail

Use of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking reduction and during enforced temporary abstinence: a national survey of English smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21083833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use for smoking reduction (SR) and temporary abstinence (TA), the association between the two and the strength of the association between NRT use for SR or TA and socio-demographic characteristics, cigarette consumption and past quit attempts.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional monthly surveys.
SETTING: England.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11, 414 smokers.
MEASUREMENTS: Participants were asked (i) whether they were reducing the amount they smoked: if so, whether they used NRT; and (ii) whether they used NRT for TA. Demographic characteristics, daily cigarette consumption and whether a quit attempt had been made in the past 12 months were also assessed.
FINDINGS: Of the participants, 56% were attempting SR, 14% were using NRT for SR and 14% were using NRT for TA. Use of NRT for SR and TA were highly correlated. The nicotine patch was the most commonly used form of NRT. The use of NRT for SR, compared with unassisted SR, was more common among older smokers, while the use of NRT for TA was more common among women. Cigarette consumption was higher in those using NRT for SR than those attempting SR without NRT. The use of NRT for SR and TA was associated positively with past quit attempts.
CONCLUSIONS: Nicotine replacement therapy use for smoking reduction and temporary abstinence is common in England. The use of NRT for SR and TA does not appear to be associated with lower cigarette consumption relative to SR or TA without NRT, but is associated with a higher rate of past quit attempts.
E Beard; A McNeill; P Aveyard; J Fidler; S Michie; R West
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addiction (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1360-0443     ISO Abbreviation:  Addiction     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  2011-05-27     Revised Date:  2012-06-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304118     Medline TA:  Addiction     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  197-204     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction.
UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University College London, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Chewing Gum / utilization
England / epidemiology
Harm Reduction
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Surveys
Nicotine / therapeutic use*
Nicotinic Agonists / therapeutic use*
Sampling Studies
Sex Distribution
Smoking / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Smoking Cessation / methods*,  psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control
Tobacco Use Disorder / drug therapy*,  epidemiology
Transdermal Patch / utilization
Grant Support
//Department of Health
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum; 0/Nicotinic Agonists; 0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 54-11-5/Nicotine
Comment In:
Addiction. 2012 Jun;107(6):1186-7   [PMID:  22507570 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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