Document Detail


Use of mid- and near-infrared spectroscopy to track degradation of bio-based eating utensils during composting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22297045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and mid-infrared spectroscopy (MIRS) have been used for quantitative and/or qualitative analysis of a wide range of materials. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of MIRS and NIRS for following the degradation of bio-based food utensils during composting. Polylactide (PLA)-based forks lost 34% of their initial mass and were reduced to small friable fragments after 7weeks of composting. NIRS and MIRS spectra of forks that were incubated for 7weeks were nearly identical to spectra of untreated forks. NIRS and MIRS were more useful in following the degradation of a starch/polypropylene (PP) polymer. Spectral results demonstrated that the starch component degraded during composting and that the PP component was recalcitrant. These results confirm that MIRS and NIRS are useful in determining the composition of biobased materials. However, the spectra did not provide useful information about the extent of PLA polymer degradation.
Authors:
Walter Mulbry; James B Reeves; Patricia Millner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
USDA-ARS, Environmental Management and Byproducts Lab, Building 308 Room 113 BARC-East, 10,300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA.
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