Document Detail


Use of a microcomputer in a pediatric hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3565415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The implementation and uses of a microcomputer in a 186-bed pediatric hospital are described. A Kaypro-10 portable microcomputer and an Epson Fx-80 printer were purchased in anticipation of increased workload generated by addition of beds to the hospital's neonatal intensive-care unit. Programs in C-BASIC language were developed for performing mathematical calculations, labeling of unit dose injections and oral liquids, and generating automatic-stop-order renewal notices. A master menu was designed to allow access to all programs. Work sheets to aid in the calculation of solution volumes required to deliver desired dosages of emergency drugs and for preparation of parenteral nutrient solutions are generated by the microcomputer, along with labels for these solutions. Other computer programs allow charging of floor stock items for i.v. admixtures, tracking of emergency-drug boxes, and generation of controlled-substances and anaphylaxis-dosing labels. A total of 510 hours was required to develop the microcomputer programs at a salary cost of $2600. Hospital pharmacies experiencing an expansion of patient services may be able to reduce the impact of the increased workload on manpower requirements by computerizing existing systems. Pharmacies with specialized needs can consider microcomputer implementation and inhouse software development as one alternative.
Authors:
G M Enderlin; M R Summerfield; M T Burney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hospital pharmacy     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0002-9289     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Hosp Pharm     Publication Date:  1987 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-13     Completed Date:  1987-05-13     Revised Date:  2000-12-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370474     Medline TA:  Am J Hosp Pharm     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  565-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Arkansas
Computers*
Drug Labeling / standards
Drug Therapy, Computer-Assisted* / trends
Hospital Bed Capacity, 100 to 299
Hospitals, Pediatric / organization & administration*
Hospitals, Special / organization & administration*
Medication Systems, Hospital*
Microcomputers*
Pharmacy Service, Hospital / organization & administration*
Therapy, Computer-Assisted* / trends

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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