Document Detail

Use of image analysis to assess the plasma membrane integrity of ram spermatozoa in different diluents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18440060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sperm membrane integrity can be assessed by examining a large number of fluorochrome-stained sperm cells over a relative short period of time by flow cytometry or fluorimetry. However, many small laboratories lack a flow-cytometer or fluorimeter for sperm analysis. This study was designed to develop a new image analysis method to evaluate the membrane integrity of ram spermatozoa with the aid of open software, and was divided into three experiments. In the first experiment, the new computer-assisted method was validated by mixing fresh semen samples with different volumes of killed semen in order to know the proportions of damaged spermatozoa in the samples. In the second trial, the new method was compared with the traditional manual counting, and the effect of three extender media on the suitability of the new developed method was evaluated. In the third experiment, the method proposed was tested by comparing the use of milk-, citrate- or TRIS-based diluents for ram semen preservation at 15 degrees C. In all experiments, semen was assessed for plasma membrane integrity and for percentage of motile and progressive sperm by CASA. In the new computer-assisted method, two images of the sperm cells in a given microscopy field are captured and the number of total- and membrane-damaged cells counted. In the first trial, proportions of damaged sperm cells in each sample determined by the automated procedure agreed closely (r2=0.98, P<0.001) with the predicted theoretical values. In experiment 2, the results of membrane integrity obtained using the new method were highly correlated with those provided by the conventional manual counting after PI-CFDA double staining (r=0.99, P<0.001), and also correlated with sperm motility and progressive motility percentages. Viability was significantly higher after dilution with citrate-, than with Tris-based medium, but similar to PBS (70.32+/-3.93, 55.48+/-5.76 and 65.38+/-3.15, respectively), After 0, 24 and 48h of storage, significantly higher percentages of motile, progressive, and membrane-intact spermatozoa were recorded for the milk than for the Tris extenders. Our results validate the new computer-assisted method for assessing sperm membrane integrity in the sheep, and indicate that the milk extender is less damaging to the sperm of this species than citrate or Tris extenders.
J L Yániz; P Santolaria; M A Marco-Aguado; F López-Gatius
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-04-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-16     Completed Date:  2008-11-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  192-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department Producción Animal y Ciencia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Membrane / physiology*
Citric Acid
Cryopreservation / veterinary
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
Semen Preservation / veterinary*
Spermatozoa / cytology*
Reg. No./Substance:
77-86-1/Tromethamine; 77-92-9/Citric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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