Document Detail

Use of illegally acquired medical opioids by opiate-dependent patients in detoxification treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16110226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Take-home dosages in maintenance treatment are of great therapeutic importance, but they include the risk of the substitute being distributed illegally. We reviewed the extent of consumption of illegally acquired medical opiates by 142 opiate- or poly-addicted patients consecutively admitted to a detoxification ward. 76 (53.5%) of them admitted to taking illegally acquired medical opiates, usually methadone, at least once. The cumulative duration was 30 days (median). Motivation was usually due to difficulties in acquiring heroin, however one third reported use in an attempt at self-detoxification or as transition before entering maintenance treatment. Maintenance patients were usually the source of the opiates. The results prove the necessity of stringent conditions for take-home dosages, and illustrate deficits in the health care system.
N Scherbaum; J Kluwig; C Meiering; M Gastpar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European addiction research     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1022-6877     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Addict Res     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-19     Completed Date:  2006-01-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502920     Medline TA:  Eur Addict Res     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Rheinische Kliniken Essen, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Heroin Dependence / psychology,  therapy*
Methadone / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Narcotics / therapeutic use*
Self Administration / statistics & numerical data
Street Drugs / legislation & jurisprudence*
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers* / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Narcotics; 0/Street Drugs; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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