Document Detail

Use of the glycemic index for weight loss and glycemic control: a review of recent evidence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19793508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This article summarizes current findings regarding the use of low-glycemic index (GI) diets for weight loss and type 2 diabetes control. Results from cross-sectional studies evaluating the association between dietary GI and body mass index had equivocal results, especially when dietary fiber was included in the model. Of five prospective cohort studies, two reported increased risk of type 2 diabetes diagnosis with higher dietary GI or glycemic load (GL). Risk of type 2 diabetes appeared to have a stronger association with carbohydrate intake or GL than with GI. Evidence from intervention studies using a low-GI approach for weight loss produced inconsistent results, especially for longer-term studies. In intervention studies with type 2 diabetes patients, consumption of a low-GI diet resulted in lower hemoglobin A1c concentrations in participants of shorter-term studies. Recent evidence adds to the controversy regarding the effectiveness of consuming low-GI diets for glycemic control and weight reduction.
Sonia Vega-L??pez; Sandra N Mayol-Kreiser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current diabetes reports     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1539-0829     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Diab. Rep.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-01     Completed Date:  2010-01-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101093791     Medline TA:  Curr Diab Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Healthy Lifestyles Research Center, Nutrition Program, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, 6950 East Williams Field Road, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy
Glycemic Index*
Weight Loss / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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