Document Detail


Use of gesture sequences in chimpanzees.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15580580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Gestural communication in a group of 19 captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) was observed, with particular attention paid to gesture sequences (combinations). A complete inventory of gesture sequences is reported. The majority of these sequences were repetitions of the same gestures, which were often tactile gestures and often occurred in play contexts. Other sequences combined gestures within a modality (visual, auditory, or tactile) or across modalities. The emergence of gesture sequences was ascribed to a recipient's lack of responsiveness rather than a premeditated combination of gestures to increase the efficiency of particular gestures. In terms of audience effects, the chimpanzees were sensitive to the attentional state of the recipient, and therefore used visually-based gestures mostly when others were already attending, as opposed to tactile gestures, which were used regardless of whether the recipient was attending or not. However, the chimpanzees did not use gesture sequences in which the first gesture served to attract the recipient's visual attention before they produced a second gesture that was visually-based. Instead, they used other strategies, such as locomoting in front of the recipient, before they produced a visually-based gesture.
Authors:
Katja Liebal; Josep Call; Michael Tomasello
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of primatology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0275-2565     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Primatol.     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-13     Completed Date:  2005-02-25     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108949     Medline TA:  Am J Primatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  377-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deustscher Platz 6, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany. liebal@eva.mpg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Attention
Behavior, Animal
Female
Gestures*
Hearing
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Pan troglodytes / physiology*
Touch
Videotape Recording
Vision, Ocular

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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