Document Detail

Use of exercise echocardiography for prognostic evaluation of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9207625     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study prospectively compared the incremental prognostic benefit of exercise echocardiography with that of exercise testing in a large cohort. BACKGROUND: Exercise echocardiography is widely accepted as a diagnostic tool, but the prognostic information provided by this test, incremental to clinical and stress testing evaluation, is ill-defined. METHODS: Clinical, exercise and echocardiographic variables were studied in a consecutive group of 500 patients undergoing exercise echocardiography. After exclusion of patients who underwent revascularization within 3 months of the stress test (n = 16, 3%) and those lost to follow-up (n = 21, 4%), the remaining 463 patients (mean [+/-SD] age 57 +/- 12 years, 302 men) were followed-up for 44 +/- 11 months. Outcome was related to the exercise and echocardiographic findings, and the incremental prognostic benefit of exercise echocardiography was compared with that of standard exercise testing. RESULTS: Cardiac events occurred in 81 patients (17%), including 33 (7%) with spontaneous events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction and unstable angina) and 48 with late revascularizations due to progressive symptoms. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, the likelihood of any cardiac event was increased in the presence of ischemia (relative risk [RR] 5.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.09 to 8.29, p < 0.001) and lessened by more maximal stress, measured as percent age-predicted maximal heart rate (RR per 5% increment 0.84, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.92, p < 0.001). Spontaneous events were more strongly predicted by ischemia (RR 8.20, 95% CI 3.41 to 19.71, p < 0.001) and percent age-predicted maximal heart rate (RR per 5% increment 0.78, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.91, p < 0.001). An interactive logistic regression model showed that the addition of echocardiographic to exercise and clinical data offered incremental predictive value. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of ischemia on the exercise echocardiogram can predict whether patients will experience an event. This relation is independent of, and incremental to, clinical and exercise data.
T H Marwick; R Mehta; K Arheart; M S Lauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-15     Completed Date:  1997-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Department of Cardiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography*
Echocardiography* / methods
Exercise Test*
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Predictive Value of Tests
Proportional Hazards Models
Prospective Studies

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