Document Detail


Use of cyclosporine to treat granulomatous meningoencephalitis in three dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15521442     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Use of cyclosporine to treat granulomatous meningoencephalitis in three dogs Three dogs with a presumptive diagnosis of granulomatous meningoencephalitis were treated with orally administered cyclosporine. In 2 dogs, cyclosporine administration replaced initial corticosteroid administration, and in 1 dog, cyclosporine was the only treatment used. One dog had the focal form of the disease in the brainstem, 1 dog had the focal form in the forebrain associated with a concurrent ocular form, and 1 dog had the disseminated form of disease. At 12-month follow-up, the 2 dogs with the focal form of the disease had no clinical signs. The dog with the disseminated form improved only partially, and euthanasia was performed 3 weeks after initial evaluation. Cyclosporine was considered effective at an initial dosage of 6 mg/kg (2.7 mg/lb) every 12 hours. Adverse effects associated with cyclosporine administration included transient lymphopenia, excessive shedding, and focal symmetric hair discoloration.
Authors:
Filippo P Adamo; Robert T O'Brien
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Volume:  225     ISSN:  0003-1488     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-03     Completed Date:  2005-02-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503067     Medline TA:  J Am Vet Med Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1211-6, 1196     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cyclosporine / therapeutic use*
Dog Diseases / drug therapy*
Dogs
Fatal Outcome
Female
Granuloma / drug therapy,  veterinary*
Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
Male
Meningoencephalitis / drug therapy,  veterinary*
Prognosis
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Immunosuppressive Agents; 59865-13-3/Cyclosporine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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