Document Detail


Use of cattle farm resources by badgers (Meles meles) and risk of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) transmission to cattle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12137579     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nocturnal observations, radio telemetry and time-lapse camera surveillance were used to investigate visits by badgers (Meles meles L.) to two cattle farms. During 59 half-nights (ca. 295 h) of observation and 17 nights (ca. 154 h) of camera surveillance, 139 separate visits to farm buildings, by at least 26 individually identifiable badgers from two social groups, were recorded. The badgers, which included three individuals infected with bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis), used cowsheds, feedsheds, barns, haystacks, slurry pits, cattle troughs and farmyards to exploit a range of food resources, including cattle feed and silage. Cattle feed was contaminated with badger faeces and badgers also came into close contact with cattle. The minimum number of badgers visiting farm buildings per night was negatively correlated with local 24 h rainfall. We conclude that exploitation by badgers of resources provided by cattle farms constitutes a potentially important mechanism for tuberculosis transmission from badgers to cattle.
Authors:
B T Garnett; R J Delahay; T J Roper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  269     ISSN:  0962-8452     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-24     Completed Date:  2003-01-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1487-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK. b.garnett@csl.gov.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / microbiology
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Animals, Wild
Carnivora / microbiology*
Cattle
Feces / microbiology
Female
Male
Mycobacterium bovis / isolation & purification*
Prevalence
Rain
Risk
Tuberculosis / epidemiology,  transmission*,  veterinary*
Tuberculosis, Bovine / epidemiology,  transmission*
Comments/Corrections

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