Document Detail

Use of bovine jugular vein to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract: early results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12928649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate early results of bovine jugular vein conduits in the pulmonary outflow. METHODS: Between April 2000 and September 2001, 31 conduits were placed in the outflow of the right ventricle. Patients who received a conduit as a staged surgical procedure were excluded (n = 3). Implantation age ranged from 0 to 21 years (median, 3.4 years). Conduit diameter ranged from 12 to 20 mm (median, 14 mm). Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at discharge and 3 months after surgery. Patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation and/or stenosis underwent cardiac catheterization. RESULTS: Four patients died during the follow-up period. Three deaths were unrelated to the conduit. One death was related to the complete thrombosis of the conduit. At 3 months evaluation, pulmonary valve regurgitation was absent or trivial in 19, mild in 2 and severe in 3 of 24 survivors. Four patients had nonfatal conduit-related complications. A transient thrombus formation within 1 leaflet was noted postoperatively in a patient with a moderate pulmonary regurgitation. Three patients required reoperation 3 to 5.8 months after the implantation for conduit failure (mean, 4.3 months). Cardiac catheterization before replacement revealed an aneurysmal dilation of the conduit below a severe stenosis of the pulmonary bifurcation due to important neointimal proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: Early failure of bovine jugular vein valved conduits can occur because of exaggerated intimal proliferation or thrombotic process within the conduit. Because of these complications, close echocardiographic follow-up is mandatory during the first weeks after implantation.
Younes Boudjemline; Damien Bonnet; Tony Abdel Massih; Gabriella Agnoletti; Franck Iserin; Francis Jaubert; Daniel Sidi; Pascal Vouhé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  126     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-20     Completed Date:  2003-10-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  490-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Service de Cardiologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, 149 rue de Sèvres, 75743 Paris Cedex 15, France.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
Child Welfare
Child, Preschool
Echocardiography, Doppler
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality,  surgery
Infant Welfare
Infant, Newborn
Jugular Veins / surgery*
Postoperative Complications / diagnosis,  etiology,  mortality
Severity of Illness Index
Survival Analysis
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Dysfunction, Right / diagnosis,  etiology
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction / mortality,  surgery*
Ventricular Pressure / physiology
Comment In:
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb;127(2):610; author reply 611   [PMID:  14762394 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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