Document Detail

Use and application of structural models in dental education research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3855905     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The notion of prediction implies causation. Path and structural models explore the causal links rather than mere empirical relationships between variables. This technique involves a breakdown of correlations; it differs from correlation and regression methods in that it provides relevant information in the presence of important but unobserved (latent) explanatory variables and of measurement errors in the data. It also allows for more than one regression analysis simultaneously and affords inference through tests of the model. In this study, latent abilities of dental students were analyzed as causes and professional achievements as effects, with preadmission performances as indicators of latent abilities. A model with three constructs is consistent with the observed data. The results demonstrate that whereas correlation analysis presents limitations in interpretation, structural analysis focuses clearly on the direct impact of the quality of dental school education, rather than preadmission background, on clinical performance and board success as measures of future professional performance.
R H Potter; R E McDonald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental education     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0022-0337     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dent Educ     Publication Date:  1985 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-04-18     Completed Date:  1985-04-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000150     Medline TA:  J Dent Educ     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-53     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Competence
Education, Dental*
Educational Measurement
Models, Theoretical*
Psychomotor Performance
School Admission Criteria
Statistics as Topic
Students, Dental*

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